Information about the urinary tract infection test Reactif
The urinary tract infection test is a certified home medical diagnostic test for a comprehensive urine analysis.
Every test strip enables to examine urine for eleven biomarkers including nitrite, leukocytes and blood in the urine that are clinical signs of urinary tract infection.
The test is clinically validated, ISO13485 compliant, and CE0197 certified for testing urinary tract infection at home.
Performance evaluation study proved the high accuracy of the test results in comparison with the results obtained in the laboratory.
For leukocytes, the accuracy was 97.6%, for nitrite 100% and blood in urine 96%.
About urinary tract infections
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a severe health problem worldwide.
Different pathogens cause urinary tract infection, but the most common are Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Enterococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus saprophyticus.1
Urinary tract infection is more common among women than men.2
In women, UTI represents nearly 25% of all infections making UTIs the most frequent clinical bacterial infections. Around 50–60% of women will develop UTIs in their lifetimes.3
The incidence in men younger than 50 years is approximately 5 to 8 per 10,000 per year.4
When should I get tested for urinary tract infection?
Experts recommend testing for urinary tract infection to individuals who experience one or more symptoms of the urinary tract infection and need to identify if the cause of symptoms is an infection.
Common symptoms of UTI are frequent urination, pain or burning feeling when urinating, cloudy or smelly urine.
UTI test strips are incredibly beneficial to identify biomarkers specific for the presence of bacteria in urine, inflammation or traces of blood in the urine.
Which biomarkers in the urine can you check with this UTI test strips?
This UTI test strips enable to test eleven different biomarkers.
The most significant biomarkers that are a sign of urinary tract infection are nitrite, leukocytes and blood in the urine.
Nitrite: in a healthy individual, usually, there is no nitrite in the urine. But when bacteria are present in the urine, they turn nitrate into nitrite.
Leukocytes or white blood cells: leukocytes are involved in the immune response. If the abnormal quantity is present in the urine, it may be a sign of a urinary tract infection.
Blood in the urine (hematuria): bacterial infection can cause bleeding; therefore, blood in the urine may be a sign of infection.
The test is highly accurate. For leukocytes, the accuracy is 97.6%, for nitrite 100% and blood in urine 96%.
How to test with the UTI test strips at home?
Testing with these UTI test strips is straightforward, fast and safe.
You can urinate directly on the UTI test strip or first collect a urine sample in a cup and then dip the strip into the urine.
Individuals usually need 5-10 seconds to perform the analysis. Then you need to wait 2 minutes for the result to appear.
Packaging contains 6 test strips with which you can test yourself six times.
How to interpret the results of the urinary tract infection test
Results are beneficial for identification of the urinary tract infection.
Results are interpreted visually by comparing the colour of a test pad with the colour of a reference value of a specific parameter.
If nitrite is present in the urine: a sign of bacteria in the urine. You should consult with your doctor about further examination or treatment.
If leukocytes are present in the urine: a sign of infection. You should repeat the test next time you urinate, and if still positive, you should consult your doctor.
If blood is present in the urine: a sign of bleeding that may be due to infection. Repeat testing the next day and if there is still blood in your urine, consult your doctor.
1 Flores-Mireles, A. L., Walker, J. N., Caparon, M., & Hultgren, S. J. (2015). Urinary tract infections: epidemiology, mechanisms of infection and treatment options. Nature reviews. Microbiology, 13(5), 269–284.
2 Harrington RD, Hooton TM. Urinary tract infection risk factors and gender. J Gend Specif Med. 2000;3(8):27-34.
3 Al-Badr, A., & Al-Shaikh, G. (2013). Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections Management in Women: A review. Sultan Qaboos University medical journal, 13(3), 359–367.
4 Seminerio, J. L., Aggarwal, G., & Sweetser, S. (2011). 26-year-old man with recurrent urinary tract infections. Mayo Clinic proceedings, 86(6), 557–560.